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英文写作中的最常见“十大句式”,你能灵活运用哪些?

作者:管理员    发布于:2017-02-05 11:24:43    文字:【】【】【】 浏览量:1615次
摘要:
一、否定句

许多否定句不含not的否定结构。如果论文作者能正确使用他们,就会增加写作的闪光点,使文章显得生动活泼。

1、Instead of indulging in playing computer games, children should be taught how to benefit from useful information on the internet.应该教孩子们如何从互联网获取有益的信息,而不是沉溺于玩电脑游戏。

2、On no account (Under no circumstances)can we ignore the immense value of knowledge. 我们绝不能忽视知识的巨大价值。

3、College students take part-time jobs not formore money but fora better understanding of societies.大学生参加兼职工作不是为了赚更多钱,而是为了更好地了解社会。

4、One’s salary doesnot depend so much on his educational background ason his ability and contribution to the society.一个人的工资与其说取决于他的教育背景倒不如说取决于他的能力和对社会的贡献。

5、In terms of nutrition, fast foodis far from satisfactory.从营养角度来说,快餐远非令人满意。

6、Parentswould not expect their children to become useful persons withoutworking hard. 父母们不能指望孩子们不经过刻苦努力就可以成才。



二、非限制性定语从句



 

如果需要对前述的整个句子内容进行解释或说明,就可以用到非限制性定语从句。

1、Undoubtedly, practical courses can be used to the reality,whichis of vital importance to their developmentin the future. 毫无疑问,实用性课程可以用于实际中,这对于他们未来发展是非常重要的。

2、Children tend to imitate what they have seen and heard on mass media, which is sometimes dangerous and harmful.孩子们倾向于模仿大众媒体上的所见所闻,这在有时是危险和有害的。

3、The majority of students believe that part-time jobs will provide them with more opportunities to develop their interpersonal skills, which may put them in a favorable position in the future job markets.大部分学生相信业余工作会使他们有更多机会发展人际交往能力, 这对他们未来找工作是非常有好处的。



三、让步句




让步句是写论文最常用的句式之一,作者务必掌握以下4种用法,可以使英文句子起伏跌宕,富于变化。

1、This view is widely acknowledged;however,there is little evidence that smoking isbeneficial topeople’shealth.这个观点被广泛认可,然而,几乎没有证据表明吸烟对人们健康有利。

2、Although(Whilst)the computer has been widely used in class, it cannot replacethe role of teachers. 尽管计算机已经广泛用于课堂,但是它不能取代教师的作用。

3、Reasonable asthe opinion sounds, it cannot bear much analysis. 虽然这个观点听起来有道理,但是它经不住分析。

4、In spite of a lot of conveniences thatcars bring to people’s life, it can create a series ofserious problems.尽管汽车给人们的生活带来了许多便利,但是也产生了一系列严重的问题。



四、It引导的句子




It引导的句子是写作中使用频率最高的句式。作者应熟练掌握其用法,并能灵活运用到文章的开篇、主体段和结尾段中。

1、It is hard to imagine whatour life would look like without computers in modern society. 很难想象如果现代社会没有了计算机,我们的生活会变成什么样子。

2、It is conceivable thatbeing physically active does good to health. 可想而知,积极参加体育活动有利于身体健康。

3、It is a highly controversial issue whetherwomen should join the armed forces or not. 女性是否应该参军是一个非常有争议的问题。

4、It is universally acknowledged thatwater and air are indispensable to human beings.人们普遍认为,水和空气对人类不可缺少。

5、It is essential thatendangered species of animalsbeprotected against

being killed. 保护濒危的动物物种免遭残杀是必需的。

6、It is high time thatthe government took effective measures to solve these problems.该是政府采取有效措施来解决这些问题的时候了。

7、It has been made easier for modern peopleto communicate with each other by theinternet in a few seconds.现代人很容易通过互联网在几秒钟内就取得联系。

8、It is worth caring about the way a child behaves.关心孩子们的行为方式是值得的。

9、It is no use crying over the spilt milk.覆水难收。

10、It has been a few decades sincethe computer came into being.自从计算机问世以来已经有几十年的时间了。



五、假设句




假设句可分为真实假设句和非真实假设句两种。常用在主体段落表示正、反论证。

1、If we destroy old buildings, thenwewill ruin the traditionalculture andheritage.如果我们推倒老房子,就要破坏传统的文化和遗产。

2、Youwouldmiss the chance to interact with other studentsif you used internet at home. 假如你在家上网,你就会失去与其他同学交流的机会。

3、Once you change your present job, you will be faced with the danger of

being unemployed.一旦你变换了现在的工作,就面临着失业的危险。



六、倒装句




在写作中恰当和准确地使用倒装句,有助于句子表达形式的多样化,使语言更加生动有力。

1、Only in this way can the problem be tackled properly. 只有这样才能妥善地解决这个问题。

2、Only whenchildren take arduous efforts canthey become successful. 只有当孩子们付出艰苦的努力他们才能获得成功。

3、Not only does studying in school serve academic purpose, butstudents learn how to handle interpersonal relations. 在校学习不仅为了学术目的,而且还可以学会如何处理人际关系。

4、Under no circumstancesshould youngsters follow negative informationon mass mediablindly.青少年决不应当盲从大众媒体上的不良信息。

5、So valuable iswater that we cannot afford to waste it. 时间是如此珍贵,我们经不起浪费它。

6、Nowadays,most dangerous for youngsters isthe tendency to indulge in playing PC games.如今对青少年最为危险的事情是倾向于过多地玩电脑游戏。



七、强调句




写作时为了突出句子的某一成分,常常使用强调句。

1、It is for the benefit of maintaining the ecological balance that human beings ought to protect the endangered animal species.正是为了维持生态平衡,人类才应该保护地球上濒危的动物物种。

2、It is not untilpeople suffer from some fatal diseases such as SARS and AIDS thatthey are becoming aware of how significant it is for the government to invest more money in medical care.

直到人们患了像非典和爱滋病这样致命的疾病时,才意识到政府把更多的钱投入到医疗上的重要性。

3、Nothing in the world is more valuable than health.世界上没有比健康更重要的了。



八、比较句



正确地使用比较结构可以使文章的句式增加变化,有利于提高写作成绩。

1、Studies show that juvenile delinquency rates are twice as high foryoungsters from single-parent families as for those in traditional households.(同级比较)研究表明来自单亲家庭的青少年犯罪率是来自传统家庭的两倍。

2、Generally speaking, people in modern times enjoy less leisure time than they did previously.(比较级)一般说来,现代人比过去享有更少的休闲时间。

3、Compared with those with different abilities, children with intelligence do more well in their school work and intelligence tests. 与不同能力的孩子相比,聪明的孩子在学业和智力测验方面表现更加突出。

4、Contrary to pop stars, other professionals like doctors and teachers create the true value for theirsociety.与明星不同,其他专业人员如医生和教师为社会创造了真正的价值。

5、Airis to humanwhat (as)water is to fish.空气对人类就如同水对鱼一样。



九、插入语




插入语是对一句话做一些附加说明或解释。最常见的位置于句中,一般用逗号或破折号与句子隔开。用得恰当,不仅可以增加字数,而且使文章更显地道和精彩。